According to a recent study, life expectancy in the United States fell by over two years from 2018 to 2020, the Biggest Drop In US Life since World War II, owing largely to the coronavirus epidemic.
According to the research, this is the largest decline in life expectancy in the United States since 1943, during World War II, and is 8.5 times the average loss recorded in 16 other high-income nations. Life expectancy is a statistic that indicates how long a baby born today is likely to live.
The authors said, “This analysis reveals that the difference in life expectancy in the United States rose substantially between 2018 and 2020.” “The factors that put the United States at a health disadvantage before COVID-19 arrived are still in place, but the COVID-19 pandemic was the primary cause of this huge decline: all-cause death in the United States climbed by 23% in 2020.”
According to the study, there are “significant variations” in life expectancy based on race and ethnicity. According to the report, the decline in life expectancy for Black people was 3.25 years and 3.88 years, respectively, from 2018 to 2020, compared to 1.36 years for white people.
“Progress in reducing the gap in life expectancy between Black and white people in the United States between 2010 and 2018-20 was erased in 2018-20, life expectancy in Black men reached its lowest level since 1998 (67.73 years), and the longstanding Hispanic life expectancy advantage almost vanished,” the authors wrote.
The epidemic has disproportionately affected black and Hispanic people, with more severe disease and mortality due to COVID-19 than white Americans. The study’s findings on life expectancy “bring attention to the fundamental causes of racial disparities in health, income, and wellbeing,” according to the authors.
“Protracted and increasing health disparities in the United States, high mortality rates in 2020, and ongoing inequitable effects on racial and ethnic minority groups are likely the result of longstanding policy choices and institutional racism,” they concluded.
The scientists predicted that life expectancy will improve, however survivors may have “lifelong effects.”
The study compared changes in life expectancy among Black, white, and Hispanic Americans in the United States and against peer countries using data from the National Center for Health Statistics, which is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Human Mortality Database. Other racial groups, such as Asians, Pacific Islanders, American Indians, and Alaskan Natives, did not have data access.
According to the authors, the findings of the study are consistent with other research, such as a CDC analysis released in February that indicated that life expectancy in the United States fell by one year between 2019 and 2020, with significantly higher decreases for Black and Hispanic people.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the COVID-19 pandemic killed over 375,000 people in the United States in 2020. After heart disease and cancer, it was the third-largest cause of death that year.
Since the beginning of the epidemic, more than 600,000 Americans have died with COVID-19.